Bone Marrow Donatios FAQ

Bone Marrow Donation
Bone Marrow Donatios FAQ

What is bone marrow?

Bone marrow is a fluid tissue that looks like blood and is located inside our bones. In essence, these are the hematopoietic stem cells whose role is the production of blood cells.

The bone marrow should not be confused with the spinal cord, which is located in the southeastern tube of the spine and consists of a nervous system. Hematopoietic stem cells are found outside our bones (pelvis, sternum, etc.) in the blood and in the umbilical cord.

Who needs a bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow transplantation can save the lives of patients with diseases such as leukemia and aplastic anemia, in which the marrow is either unable to produce blood cells or produces diseased cells.

Were it not for bone marrow transplants (as in the past), many of these patients, including many young children, would die within a few months. In Greece, about 150 of our fellow human beings need a transplant from an unrelated donor every year..

Who can become a volunteer bone marrow donor?

Any adult from 18-45 yearls old who can become a blood donor can also become a bone marrow donor. There are a few more conditions that can be discussed individually, for example, while with a mild anemia you can not donate blood, you can become a bone marrow donor.

How can I become a volunteer bone marrow donor?

You give a saliva or blood sample for a special test called tissue compatibility. The result of this examination is then recorded anonymously in the national and global pool of volunteers. In essence, this is a database in which doctors put the corresponding histocompatibility of patients and the system "tweaks" the compatibilities.

What if I am found to be a compatible donor for a patient?

In case you find yourself compatible with a patient (chances up to 1 / 1,000,000), then you will be called to the nearest competent blood donation center (Pagni for Crete) where they will inform you thoroughly and a series of laboratory tests will follow to confirm the result and to determine the good state of your health. If any problem is found or if you change your mind for any reason then the process does not continue.

What if I am found to be a compatible donor for a patient?

In case you find yourself compatible with a patient (chances from 1/100 to 1 / 1,000,000), then a series of laboratory tests will follow to confirm the result and to determine your good health. If any problem is found or if you change your mind for any reason then the process does not continue.

How is bone marrow obtained?

The marrow used to be obtained by puncturing the pelvic bones which is done under anesthesia and performed by hematologists. The donor enters the hospital the day before the transplant and returns home the very next day.

However, the usual method today is to obtain hematopoietic stem cells from the peripheral blood, after administration of growth factors to the donor. Then follows a procedure similar to that of blood sampling. Both procedures are safe.Although the process of obtaining bone marrow is now simple and can be taken from the peripheral blood (and not just from the pelvis as before), people are not sufficiently informed about this issue.

How is my personal data protected?

Ancestor hematopoietic stem cell donation is anonymous. The donor is informed only about the sex, age and country of origin of the patient for whom he will give a transplant, while the patient knows only the relevant information about his donor.

However, the donor may be informed of the patient's progress, but it is strictly forbidden to disclose any information about the identity of one or the other.

After a few months and according to the rules in force in each country, the exchange of anonymous correspondence between them may be allowed and then, after a period of more than a year has elapsed and both wish to do so, the exchange of data may be allowed. reveal their identity.

It is understood that in no case is any financial offer from the patient to the donor allowed. It is noted that any financial burden of the donor (travel, salary losses, etc.) are covered by the patient's insurance company without any participation of the same.

Why is it important to develop bone marrow donation?

Every day many people wait anxiously to find a web-compatible donor from donors standardized in the National Bone Marrow Donor Registry and the Global Reservoir.

These patients have leukemia, cancer, or other serious hematological diseases in which the bone marrow (the factory where blood cells are made) has a disorder.

Fortunately, more than 50,000 patients are transplanted worldwide each year. Although even more patients could be treated with bone marrow transplants, some of them, including many children, are at risk of dying because there is no compatible donor.

You can help: It is of "Cretan" importance!

Although the process of obtaining bone marrow is now simple and can be taken from the peripheral blood (and not just from the pelvis as before), people are not sufficiently informed about this issue.

Although there are approximately 35 million volunteer donors enrolled in the Bone Marrow Donors Worldwide (BMDW), there is always a need because each tissue type is unique. Ethnicity plays an important role in web compatibility. For example, it is much more likely that a person of Cretan origin "matches" with a Cretan.

Where can I become a bone marrow donor in Crete?

The Pan-Cretan Association of Volunteer Blood Donors and Organ Donors "Hematocrit" recognizing the importance of the issue of Bone Marrow Donation, tries to spread this idea and raise awareness of the public and especially the volunteer blood donors, informing them.

In the blood donations organized by "HematoCrete" but also in separate events, those who wish, after being personally informed, can give a sample (saliva or blood) to become bone marrow donors (or as it is more properly called "donors of hematopoietic cells").

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